Script Script

yaml
type: "io.kestra.plugin.scripts.python.Script"

Execute a Python script.

Examples

Execute a Python script.

yaml
id: "script"
type: "io.kestra.plugin.scripts.python.Script"
script: |
  from kestra import Kestra
  import requests

  response = requests.get('https://google.com')
  print(response.status_code)

  Kestra.outputs({'status': response.status_code, 'text': response.text})
beforeCommands:
  - pip install requests kestra

Execute a Python script with an input file from Kestra's local storage created by a previous task.

yaml
id: "script"
type: "io.kestra.plugin.scripts.python.Script"
script: |
  with open('{{ outputs.previousTaskId.uri }}', 'r') as f:
    print(f.read())

Execute a Python script that outputs a file.

yaml
id: "script"
type: "io.kestra.plugin.scripts.python.Script"
script: |
   f = open("{{outputDir}}/myfile.txt", "a")
   f.write("Hello from a Kestra task!")
   f.close()

If you want to generate files in your script to make them available for download and use in downstream tasks, you can leverage the expression. Files stored in that directory will be persisted in Kestra's internal storage. The first task in this example creates a file 'myfile.txt' and the next task can access it by leveraging the syntax .

yaml
id: outputsPython
namespace: dev
tasks:
  - id: cleanDataset
    type: io.kestra.plugin.scripts.python.Script
    docker:
      image: ghcr.io/kestra-io/pydata:latest
    script: |
      import pandas as pd
      df = pd.read_csv("https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kestra-io/datasets/main/csv/messy_dataset.csv")

      # Replace non-numeric age values with NaN
      df["Age"] = pd.to_numeric(df["Age"], errors="coerce")

      # mean imputation: fill NaN values with the mean age
      mean_age = int(df["Age"].mean())
      print(f"Filling NULL values with mean: {mean_age}")
      df["Age"] = df["Age"].fillna(mean_age)
      df.to_csv("{{outputDir}}/clean_dataset.csv", index=False)

  - id: readFileFromPython
    type: io.kestra.plugin.scripts.shell.Commands
    runner: PROCESS
    commands:
      - head -n 10 {{outputs.cleanDataset.outputFiles['clean_dataset.csv']}}

Properties

interpreter

  • Type: array
  • SubType: string
  • Dynamic:
  • Required: ✔️
  • Default: [/bin/sh, -c]
  • Min items: 1

Which interpreter to use.

runner

  • Type: string
  • Dynamic:
  • Required: ✔️
  • Default: DOCKER
  • Possible Values:
    • PROCESS
    • DOCKER

The task runner to use — by default, Kestra runs all scripts in DOCKER.

Only used if the taskRunner property is not set

script

  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required: ✔️
  • Min length: 1

The inline script content. This property is intended for the script file's content as a (multiline) string, not a path to a file. To run a command from a file such as bash myscript.sh or python myscript.py, use the Commands task instead.

warningOnStdErr

  • Type: boolean
  • Dynamic:
  • Required: ✔️
  • Default: true

Whether to set the task state to WARNING if any stdErr is emitted.

beforeCommands

  • Type: array
  • SubType: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

A list of commands that will run before the commands, allowing to set up the environment e.g. pip install -r requirements.txt.

containerImage

  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:
  • Default: ghcr.io/kestra-io/kestrapy:latest

The task runner container image, only used if the task runner is container-based.

docker

  • Type: DockerOptions
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:
  • Default: {image=ghcr.io/kestra-io/kestrapy:latest, pullPolicy=ALWAYS}

Docker options when using the DOCKER runner.

env

  • Type: object
  • SubType: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

Additional environment variables for the current process.

failFast

  • Type: boolean
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:
  • Default: true

Fail the task on the first command with a non-zero status.

If set to false all commands will be executed one after the other. The final state of task execution is determined by the last command. Note that this property maybe be ignored if a non compatible interpreter is specified.

inputFiles

  • Type:
    • object
    • string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

The files to create on the local filesystem. It can be a map or a JSON object.

namespaceFiles

Inject namespace files.

Inject namespace files to this task. When enabled, it will, by default, load all namespace files into the working directory. However, you can use the include or exclude properties to limit which namespace files will be injected.

outputDirectory

  • Type: boolean
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:
  • Default: false

Whether to setup the output directory mechanism.

Required to use the expression. Note that it could increase the starting time.

outputFiles

  • Type: array
  • SubType: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

The files from the local filesystem to send to Kestra's internal storage.

Must be a list of glob expressions relative to the current working directory, some examples: my-dir/**, my-dir/*/** or my-dir/my-file.txt.

taskRunner

The task runner to use.

Task runners are provided by plugins, each have their own properties.

Outputs

exitCode

  • Type: integer
  • Dynamic:
  • Required: ✔️
  • Default: 0

The exit code of the entire flow execution.

outputFiles

  • Type: object
  • SubType: string
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:

The output files' URIs in Kestra's internal storage.

vars

  • Type: object
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:

The value extracted from the output of the executed commands.

Definitions

io.kestra.core.models.tasks.NamespaceFiles

Properties

enabled
  • Type: boolean
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:
  • Default: true

Whether to enable namespace files to be loaded into the working directory. If explicitly set to true in a task, it will load all Namespace Files into the task's working directory. Note that this property is by default set to true so that you can specify only the include and exclude properties to filter the files to load without having to explicitly set enabled to true.

exclude
  • Type: array
  • SubType: string
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:

A list of filters to exclude matching glob patterns. This allows you to exclude a subset of the Namespace Files from being downloaded at runtime. You can combine this property together with include to only inject a subset of files that you need into the task's working directory.

include
  • Type: array
  • SubType: string
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:

A list of filters to include only matching glob patterns. This allows you to only load a subset of the Namespace Files into the working directory.

io.kestra.plugin.scripts.runner.docker.Cpu

Properties

cpus
  • Type: integer
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:

The maximum amount of CPU resources a container can use.

For instance, if the host machine has two CPUs and you set cpus:"1.5", the container is guaranteed at most one and a half of the CPUs.

io.kestra.core.models.tasks.runners.TaskRunner

io.kestra.plugin.scripts.runner.docker.Memory

Properties

kernelMemory
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

The maximum amount of kernel memory the container can use.

The minimum allowed value is 4m. Because kernel memory cannot be swapped out, a container which is starved of kernel memory may block host machine resources, which can have side effects on the host machine and on other containers. See --kernel-memory details.

memory
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

The maximum amount of memory resources the container can use.

It is recommended that you set the value to at least 6 megabytes.

memoryReservation
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

Allows you to specify a soft limit smaller than memory which is activated when Docker detects contention or low memory on the host machine.

If you use memoryReservation, it must be set lower than memory for it to take precedence. Because it is a soft limit, it does not guarantee that the container doesn’t exceed the limit.

memorySwap
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

The amount of memory this container is allowed to swap to disk.

If memory and memorySwap are set to the same value, this prevents containers from using any swap. This is because memorySwap is the amount of combined memory and swap that can be used, while memory is only the amount of physical memory that can be used.

memorySwappiness
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

The amount of memory this container is allowed to swap to disk.

By default, the host kernel can swap out a percentage of anonymous pages used by a container. You can set memorySwappiness to a value between 0 and 100, to tune this percentage.

oomKillDisable
  • Type: boolean
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:

By default, if an out-of-memory (OOM) error occurs, the kernel kills processes in a container.

To change this behavior, use the oomKillDisable option. Only disable the OOM killer on containers where you have also set the memory option. If the memory flag is not set, the host can run out of memory, and the kernel may need to kill the host system’s processes to free the memory.

io.kestra.plugin.scripts.exec.scripts.models.DockerOptions

Properties

image
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required: ✔️
  • Min length: 1

Docker image to use.

config
  • Type:
    • string
    • object
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

Docker configuration file.

Docker configuration file that can set access credentials to private container registries. Usually located in ~/.docker/config.json.

cpu
  • Type: Cpu
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:

Limits the CPU usage to a given maximum threshold value.

By default, each container’s access to the host machine’s CPU cycles is unlimited. You can set various constraints to limit a given container’s access to the host machine’s CPU cycles.

credentials
deviceRequests

A list of device requests to be sent to device drivers.

entryPoint
  • Type: array
  • SubType: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

Docker entrypoint to use.

extraHosts
  • Type: array
  • SubType: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

Extra hostname mappings to the container network interface configuration.

host
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

Docker API URI.

memory
  • Type: Memory
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:

Limits memory usage to a given maximum threshold value.

Docker can enforce hard memory limits, which allow the container to use no more than a given amount of user or system memory, or soft limits, which allow the container to use as much memory as it needs unless certain conditions are met, such as when the kernel detects low memory or contention on the host machine. Some of these options have different effects when used alone or when more than one option is set.

networkMode
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

Docker network mode to use e.g. host, none, etc.

pullPolicy
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:
  • Default: ALWAYS
  • Possible Values:
    • IF_NOT_PRESENT
    • ALWAYS
    • NEVER

The image pull policy for a container image and the tag of the image, which affect when Docker attempts to pull (download) the specified image.

shmSize
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

Size of /dev/shm in bytes.

The size must be greater than 0. If omitted, the system uses 64MB.

user
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

User in the Docker container.

volumes
  • Type: array
  • SubType: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

List of volumes to mount.

Must be a valid mount expression as string, example : /home/user:/app.

Volumes mount are disabled by default for security reasons; you must enable them on server configuration by setting kestra.tasks.scripts.docker.volume-enabled to true.

io.kestra.plugin.scripts.runner.docker.Credentials

Properties

auth
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

The registry authentication.

The auth field is a base64-encoded authentication string of username:password or a token.

identityToken
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

The identity token.

password
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

The registry password.

registry
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

The registry URL.

If not defined, the registry will be extracted from the image name.

registryToken
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

The registry token.

username
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:

The registry username.

io.kestra.plugin.scripts.runner.docker.DeviceRequest

Properties

capabilities
  • Type: array
  • SubType: array
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:

A list of capabilities; an OR list of AND lists of capabilities.

count
  • Type: integer
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:
deviceIds
  • Type: array
  • SubType: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:
driver
  • Type: string
  • Dynamic: ✔️
  • Required:
options
  • Type: object
  • SubType: string
  • Dynamic:
  • Required:

Driver-specific options, specified as key/value pairs.

These options are passed directly to the driver.

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