String filters are used to manipulate strings i.e. textual data.

Each section below represents a built-in filter.


abbreviate

The abbreviate filter will abbreviate a string using an ellipsis. It takes one argument which is the max width of the desired output including the length of the ellipsis.

twig
{{ "this is a long sentence." | abbreviate(7) }}

The above example will output the following:

twig
this...

Arguments

  • length

base64decode

The base64decode filter takes the given input, base64-decodes it, and returns the byte array converted to UTF-8 string.

Applying the filter on an incorrect base64-encoded string will throw an exception.

twig
{{ "dGVzdA==" | base64decode }}

The above example will output the following:

test

base64encode

The base64encode filter takes the given input, converts it to an UTF-8 String (.toString()) and Base64-encodes it.

twig
{{ "test" | base64encode }}

The above example will output the following:

dGVzdA==

capitalize

The capitalize filter will capitalize the first letter of the string.

twig
{{ "article title" | capitalize }}

The above example will output the following:

twig
Article title

title

The title filter will capitalize the first letter of each word.

twig
{{ "article title" | title }}

The above example will output the following:

twig
Article Title

default

The default filter will render a default value if and only if the object being filtered is empty. A variable is empty if it is null, an empty string, an empty collection, or an empty map.

twig
{{ user.phoneNumber | default("No phone number") }}

In the following example, if foo, bar, or baz are null the output will become an empty string which is a perfect use case for the default filter:

twig
{{ foo.bar.baz | default("No baz") }}

Note that the default filter will suppress any AttributeNotFoundException exceptions that will usually be thrown.

Arguments

  • default

lower

The lower filter makes an entire string lower case.

twig
{{ "THIS IS A LOUD SENTENCE" | lower }}

The above example will output the following:

twig
this is a loud sentence

replace

The replace filter formats a given string by replacing the placeholders (placeholders are free-form) or using regular expression:

twig
{{ "I like %this% and %that%." | replace({'%this%': foo, '%that%': "bar"}) }}
twig
{{ 'aa1bb2cc3dd4ee5' | replace({'(\d)': '-$1-'}, regexp=true) }}

Arguments

  • replace_pairs: an object with key the search string and value the replace string
  • regexp: use regexp for search and replace pattern (default is false)

sha256

The sha256 filter returns the SHA-256 hash of the given UTF-8 String.

twig
{{ "test" | sha256 }}

The above example will output the following:

9f86d081884c7d659a2feaa0c55ad015a3bf4f1b2b0b822cd15d6c15b0f00a08

slugify

The slugify filter removes non-word characters (alphanumerics and underscores) and converts spaces to hyphen. Also strips leading and trailing whitespace.

twig
{{ "Joel is a slug" | slugify }}
{# will output 'joel-is-a-slug' #}

substringAfter

The substringAfter filter returns the substring before the first occurrence of a separator. The separator is not returned.

twig
{{ 'a.b.c' | substringAfter('.') }}
{# results in: 'b.c' #}

Arguments

  • separator: the string to search for

substringAfterLast

The substringAfterLast filter returns the substring after the last occurrence of a separator. The separator is not returned.

twig
{{ 'a.b.c' | substringAfterLast('.') }}
{# results in: 'c' #}

Arguments

  • separator: the string to search for

substringBefore

The substringBefore filter returns the substring before the first occurrence of a separator. The separator is not returned.

twig
{{ 'a.b.c' | substringBefore('.') }}
{# results in: 'a' #}

Arguments

  • separator: the string to search for

substringBeforeLast

The substringBeforeLast filter returns the substring before the last occurrence of a separator. The separator is not returned.

twig
{{ 'a.b.c' | substringBeforeLast('.') }}
{# results in: 'a.b' #}

Arguments

  • separator: the string to search for

trim

The trim filter is used to trim whitespace off the beginning and end of a string.

twig
{{ "    This text has too much whitespace.    " | trim }}

The above example will output the following:

twig
This text has too much whitespace.

upper

The upper filter makes an entire string upper case.

twig
{{ "this is a quiet sentence." | upper }}

The above example will output the following:

twig
THIS IS A QUIET SENTENCE.

urldecode

The urlencode translates a string into application/x-www-form-urlencoded format using the "UTF-8" encoding scheme.

twig
{{ "The+string+%C3%BC%40foo-bar" | urldecode }}

The above example will output the following:

twig
The string ü@foo-bar

urlencode

The urlencode translates a string into application/x-www-form-urlencoded format using the "UTF-8" encoding scheme.

twig
{{ "The string ü@foo-bar" | urlencode }}

The above example will output the following:

twig
The+string+%C3%BC%40foo-bar